Serum-CK (Total Creatine Kinase) Formal name: Creatine kinase (CK) WHAT IS S-CK (TOTAL CREATINE KINASE)? Creatine kinase which could also be known as creatine phosphokinase or phospho-creatine kinase is an enzyme that is produced by tissues found in the brain, heart and skeletal muscles. HOW IS IT USED? s-CK (Total Creatine Kinase) test is used […]


Listeria Outbreak in South Africa The outbreak of Listeria in South Africa has reached a critical level. According to the UN World Health Organization (WHO), this is the biggest outbreak of Listeriosis in South Africa. The bacteria is spreading through cold-stored, processed food all over the country. Listeria is a genus of bacteria that causes […]


Borrelia is a genus of the spirochete phylum. The disease caused by the bacteria is called Lyme disease. HOW THE TEST WORKS The lab test detect two types of antibodies – IgM and IgG. Borrelia IgM antibodies are generally detectable in the blood after about 2-3 weeks to the exposure of the bacteria. IgM level […]


ESR Formal name: Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate How is it used? The erythrocyte sedimentation rate is a relatively simple, inexpensive, non-specific test that has been used to help detect inflammation associated with conditions such as infections, cancers and autoimmune diseases. ESR is said to be non-specific test because an elevated result often indicates the presence of […]